Terrorism - Retail and Wholesale
by Ed Kinane
Certain words - "democracy" is one, "terrorism" is another - are seldom defined. The pretense is that we all know what these words mean. Yet that's hardly the case.
Here's how the US State Department defines terrorism: the use of violence or the threat of violence to harm or intimidate civilians for political purposes.
Given all the commentary out there about terrorism, you'd think this pithy definition might often be invoked. It seldom is. Why? Because applying that definition evenhandedly - to assess each violent episode or campaign, regardless of who perpetrates it - would boomerang. It would expose terrorists who usually aren't thought of as terrorists.
Retail terrorism - like abduction or suicide bombing - is a tactic of the hardware have-nots. It gets all the attention. Wholesale terrorism - invasion and aerial warfare, for example - is the strategy of the haves. It has a bigger budget and cuts a huger swathe. By some magic consensus wholesale terrorism never, never gets called terrorism.
Now, the State Department definition is pretty good. But it needs to make clear that terrorists use all levels of technology. A box cutter can perpetrate terrorism; so can a "smart" bomb. Just because it's high tech doesn't mean it isn't terrorism.
Terrorism need not target civilians directly. Often it targets the infrastructure that sustains human life - hospitals, electrical grids, water purification and sewage systems, etc. In the US we assume only the other guys use terrorism - never our side. Judging by our media and our politicians, terrorists are only those who oppose powerful military machines. Even if those terrorists are defending their land.
With the fall of the Soviet Union, our military-industrial complex no longer has its bogeyman. These days instead of the Red Menace, Swarthy Terrorists are the enemy.
For US people 9/11 was the watershed, the iconic, terrorist event. This serves the neo-conservative world-dominating agenda. 9/11 was the neo-cons' answered prayer, their Pearl Harbor and Gulf of Tonkin. A frightened public is so much easier to mobilize for a bellicose, expansionistic foreign policy. Such policy - and the lies promoting it - led the US into the Iraq quagmire and back into the civilian massacring business.
In a further victory for the neo-con agenda, the so-called War on Terror erodes civil liberties here at home. Further, it erodes our quality of life. The War on Terror diverts resources from health, education and other human needs to the military. Military adventurism makes us less safe. It generates even more fear. In a self-perpetuating cycle, war spawns further terrorism: reactive terrorism, retaliatory terrorism. So does military occupation, whether in Afghanistan, Iraq or Palestine.
In the past century most war dead were civilians. They were victims of terrorism - not in the mainstream media sense, but in the US State Department sense.
Tens of millions of civilians have been killed by bullets, shells, missiles, cluster bombs and, in Iraq, many are also being killed by toxic and radioactive depleted uranium.
Depleted uranium is just one kind of nuclear weapon. As the world learned at Hiroshima, nukes don't distinguish civilian from military. Nuclear blackmail has been with us for over 60 years.
Some nations stockpile nuclear weapons. (Remember, the threat of violence is also terrorism.) These devices are delivered by artillery or aircraft which few "terrorists" have access to. One might say aerial warfare by its very nature is terrorist.
Militarism, of course, yields enormous corporate profit. These days war profiteering is rife. Some of these profits finance the purchase of TV networks and other corporate sources of news. For example, the war and nuclear contractor, General Electric, owns NBC. Might that (little publicized) fact affect how NBC News portrays terror?
In our democracy another slice of the profits goes to finance the election campaigns of the candidates who favor military rather than diplomatic solutions to international issues.
Although NBC News et al. are too discrete to mention it, a leading presidential candidate, a former Viet Nam bomber pilot, was a wholesale terrorist.
What does that say about our rulers? What does that say about us?